Youth Perception of QS. Al
Alaq Verse 15 Relationship with Interest in Learning the Qur'an
Susan Sa’idah
Islamic
Academy of Yapata Al Jawami Bandung
susan@gmail.com
ARTICLE INFO
ABSTRACT 

Received: 03 sept 2021 Revised: 10 sept 2021 Approved: 12 sept 2021 
Background: Adolescence
is a unique period in life, many impressions arise when people speak, mention
the word teenager. There are those who say that adolescence is a time of
various potentials that need to be continuously explored and developed,
others who say that teenagers are a group that makes it difficult for
parents, it's just a matter of how teenagers see themselves, their opinions
will of course be different from those of the previous opinion. Maybe they
will say that many adults do not want to care and understand them, or they
have their own world that is difficult for parents to touch. Based
on the phenomenon, researchers are interested in further researching what
causes Muslim teenagers to be less attentive and less interested in learning
the Qur'an Aim: This study aims to find out student responses about Mini
Lectures (Mirror) by class II Mekar Arum High
School Bandung, knowing the learning intensity of class II SMA Mekar Arum Bandung in the field of Islamic Education
studies, and knowing the relationship between class II responses to lectures
Mini (Cemrin) with the intensity of their
learning in the field of study of Islamic Education. Method: This study used a qualitative approach. The method used
was descriptive. The data collection implemented was library research. The
object being researched, as well as the data source, was the book Ta'alim Muta'alim by Syaikh Burhanuddin AzZarnuzi.
The data collection method uses descriptive methods and the author performed
content analysis. Findings: The results showed that students' etiquette towards
teachers are students must always respect the teacher and the teacher's
family, protect the rights of the teacher, do not walk in front of the
teacher, do not sit in the teacher's place, do not start a conversation
without the teacher’s permission, do not ask something when the teacher is
bored, be on time, do not knock on the door of the teacher's house but be
patient waiting for the teacher to come out. 
KEYWORDS 
Youth, AlAlaq, learning, Qur’an 

This
work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution No Derivatives 4.0
International License 
Introduction
Adolescence is a unique period
in life, many impressions arise when people speak, mention the word teenager.
There are those who say that adolescence is a time of various potentials that
need to be continuously explored and developed, others who say that teenagers
are a group that makes it difficult for parents, it's just a matter of how
teenagers see themselves, their opinions will of course be different from those
of the previous opinion. Maybe they will say that many adults do not want to
care and understand them, or they have their own world that is difficult for
parents to touch.
The existence of various
impressions above can be understood that adolescence is a period of transition
from childhood to adulthood, as stated by Drajat
various feelings that sometimes conflict with
each other, as well as characters who tend to follow their unstable emotions.
From the description above, it
can be concluded that adolescence is very complex, there are many problems,
both for adolescents themselves, or for parents, teachers and the surrounding
community. This is due to the influence of physical and spiritual growth and
development.
Therefore, this is where the
role of parents, teachers, and the surrounding environment is very important in
providing education, coaching and guidance to adolescents, because education is
not only the responsibility of parents, but also teachers, the community, as
well as the government as the organizer, as stated by Ahmadi
Chapter I of the Law on the
National Education System states that, "Education is a conscious and
planned effort to create a learning atmosphere and learning process so that
students have noble character and skills needed by themselves, society, nation
and state to actively develop their potential to have spiritual (religious)
strength, personality control, intelligence, noble character, and skills needed
by himself, society, nation and state.
This is in accordance with the
goals of Islamic education, as stated by Drajat
Thus, comprehensive and
systematic education is expected to produce superior human resources, who are
broadminded, have a vision for the future, are optimistic so that they can
create creative, innovative, and integritid human
beings with the Qur'an and hadith as their foundation. Because the essence of
Islamic education is character education.
This is what the Islamic world
can hope for, namely how through education it can become a teenager who is
faithful, intelligent, creative and innovative by sticking to religion and
still making the Qur'an as a way of life. So that they can make them useful for
the family, the environment and the nation and state.
The area that the author will
use as a research location is Cibiuk Kidul Village, Cibiuk District, Garut Regency, which has 11 RW and 19 RT. In the past, Cibiuk was known as a religious area. This is marked by the
large number of traditional Islamic boarding schools (Salafiyah),
apart from students from the local area, there are also students from outside
the city, even outside Java who stay in these Islamic boarding schools, they
study various disciplines to prepare for the world and the hereafter.
But along with the times, with
the rapid world of information and the influence of foreign cultures, the mass
media is considered the power of information that can affect cognition,
affection, and even social behavior. Electronic media has replaced traditional
religions, the sermons are heard with compassion and witnessed with wisdom. The
congregation is more numerous than any congregation, the house of worship is
the largest in various corners of the earth, its sites are followed with great
solemnity, and may thrill and affect the human subconscious more than any
religion that has ever existed
This is what causes a shift in
values in
Cibiuk society, especially among teenagers who are
vulnerable to outside influences due to unstable thinking, so they tend to
accept any information
without being selective, as stated by religious
leaders who are worried about the development of phenomena that occur in
society. nowadays, where children prefer to watch TV rather than recite the
Qur’an.
In addition to strong external
influences, the reluctance of teenagers to learn the Koran, sometimes the
family is a factor, the lack of attention from parents is due to their lack of
understanding of religion. The low level of education, so that there is an
assumption that, if parents have entrusted their children to educational
institutions/Pesantren, then their responsibility
to educate children up to there, everything is left to the educational
institution/Pesantren. In fact, it is on the
parents that the child's education is imposed.
As the Word of Allah SWT, which
means:
"O
you who believe, protect yourselves and your families from the fire of hell
whose fuel is humans and stones: the guardians of the angels are harsh, harsh,
and do not disobey Allah in what He commands them and always do what is
commanded." (QS. AtTahrim; 06)
Based on the above phenomenon,
researchers are interested in further researching what causes Muslim teenagers
to be less attentive and less interested in learning the Qur'an by raising the
title: "Adolescent Perceptions of the Qur'an Surah AlAlaq
verses 15 and its relationship with interest. They Learn to Read and Write
AlQur'an “A descriptive study of learning to read and write the Qur'an in the
village of Cibiuk Kidul, Cibiuk District, Garut Regency.
Method
The method used in this study is
a descriptive analysis method with a quantitative approach, as for the
descriptive method, according to Arikunto
Findings and Discussion
A. Adolescent Perceptions of the Qur'an Surah
AlAlaq Verse 15 in Cibiuk Kudul Village, Cibiuk District
To obtain data on adolescent perceptions of the AlQur'an
Surah Al'alaq verses 15 in
Cibiuk Kidul Village, it was obtained
based on the distribution of questionnaires to 48 teenagers who had been assigned
to be research
respondents. In this case, the authors
took respondents from the village.
Peundeuy Cibiuk Kidul Village.
The data for the variable x (adolescents' perceptions of the Qur'an Surah Alalaq verses 15 are as follows:
59 59 58
58 58 58
57 57
57 57 57
56 56 56
55 55
55 55 55
54 54 54
54 53
53 53 53
53 53 53
52 52
52 51 51
51 50 50
50 49
49 48 48
47 47 47
46 46
After
the data for the variable x, namely the perception of adolescents on the Qur'an
in Surah AlAlaq verses 15, was collected, then the
writer took the following steps:
1.
Test
the normality of the variable x data (adolescent perceptions of the Qur'an
Surah AlAlaq verses 15) with the following steps:
a.
Determine
the number of internal classes (k) with the formula:
k = 1+3,3 log n (=48)
=1+33 (1,6812)
=1+5,54796 = 6,54796 (Equal to 7)
b.
Determine
the range (r) which is the largest value (nb) minus the smallest value (nk)
r = nbnk
= 5946
= 13
c.
Determine
the internal length (p) using the formula:
p =
=
=
1,8571428
= 2
(Equal)
d.
Create
a distribution table for the frequency of observation of variable x data (Adolescents'
perceptions of the Qur'an Surah AlAlaq verses 15) as follows:
Table 1.
Distribution of Observation Frequency and
Variable
Value 
Fi 
xi 
xi^{2} 
fixi 
Fixi^{2} 
4647 4849 5051 5253 5455 5657 5859 
5 4 6 10 9 8 6 
46,5 48,5 50,5 52,5 54,5 56,5 58,5 
2165,25 2352,25 2550,25 2756,25 2970,25 3192,25 3422,25 
232,5 194 303 525 490,5 452 351 
10811,25 9409 15301,5 2756,5 26732,25
25538
2033,5 

48 


2548 
135888 
e.
Determine
the average value (x) with the formula:
X =
=
= 53,08 = 53
(Equal)
f.
Determine
the standard deviation (sd) with the formula:
=
g.
Create
a distribution table for observations and data exposition of the variable x as
follows:
Table 2.
Frequency Distribution of Observations and
Expectations
X Variable Data
BK 
Z COUNT 
Z LIST 
LI 
EI 
OI 
45,5 47,5 49,5 51,5 53,5 55,5 55,5 57,5 
0,05 1,50 0,95 0,40 0,14 0,68 1,23 1,77 
0,4798 0,4332 0,3289 0,1554 0,0557 0,2518 0,3907 0,4619 
0,0466 0,1043 0,1735 0,0987 0,1961 0,1389 0,0709 
2,2368 5.200064 8,328 4,7376 9,4128 6,6772 3,3042 
5 4 6 10 9 8 6 
h. Determining
the value of chi squared (x^2) is calculated using the formula:
=
=
= 2,63 (Rounded up to two
decimal places)
i.
Determine
the number of degrees of freedom (db) using the formula:
db
= k – 3
= 7 – 3
= 4
j.
Determining
the value of the chi squared x^2 list by using a significant level of 1% or (x)
= 0.01, it will get
k.
Comparing
the calculated X2 value with the list value, using the following test criteria:
§ If the value of x2 count is smaller than ^2
data, then the data is normally distributed
§ If the value of x2 count is greater than x^2
data, then the data is not normally distributed.
Based
on the calculation results, the value of x^2 count is 2.63 while the value of
x^2 lists = 13.3, thus for the variable data x^ (adolescent perception) is
normally distributed.
2.
The
central tendency test includes the following activities: with respect to the
data for the variable x that is normally distributed, it is sufficient to give
the mean (average) value
X
=
=
= 58
3.
Analysis
of the variable category x, using the following formula:
X =
=
=
3,54
Based
on the calculation results, the value of the value of the variable x category
data is = 3.54. The value if entered into the category classification is as
follows:
0,5
– 1,5 = Very low
1,5
– 2,5 =Low
2,5
– 3,5 = Medium/Enough
3,5
– 4,5 = High/Good
4,5
– 5,5 = Very High/Very Good
B. Teenagers' Interest in Learning to Read and
Write the Qur'an in Cibiuk Kidul Village, Cibiuk District
To obtain data about interest in learning to
read and write the Qur'an, the author conducted a technique of giving tests to
respondents, totaling 48 people, in the form of questions related to
perceptions and interests, with details of 20 double questions and 5 essay
questions. The results of the test assessment are used as variable data y
(interest in learning to read and write the Qur'an). For more details, the data
for the y variable is as follows:
9,0
9,0 8,5
8,5 8,5 8,5 8,5 8,0
8,0
8,0 7,5 7,5 7,5 7,5 7,5 7,5
7,5
7,5 7,5 7,5 7,0 7,0 7,0 7,0
7,0
7,0 7,0 7,0
7,0 7,0 7,0 7,0
7,0 7,0 7,0
6,5 6,0 5,5 5,5 5,0
6,5 6,5 6,5 6,5 6,5 6,0 6,0 6,0
The next step after the data is collected is
as follows:
1.
Test
the normality of the variable data y (interest in learning to read and write
the Qur'an) with the following steps:
a.
Determine
the class interval (k) with the formula:
k = 1 + 3,3 log n (= 48)
= 1 + 33 (1,6812)
= 1 + 5,54796
= 7 (Equal)
b.
Determine
the range (r) which is the largest value (nb) minus the smallest value (nk)
r = nb – nk
= 9 – 5
= 4
c.
Determine
the length of the interval (p) using the formula:
p =
=
=
0,5714285
= 0,6
(Equal)
d.
Make
a frequency distribution table for the observation of variable data y from the
number of students as many as 58 people.
Table 3
Frequency Distribution of Data Observation
Variable X
Value 
fi 
xi 
xi^{2} 
fixi 
fixi^{2} 
5,0 – 5,5 5,6 – 6,1 6,2 – 6,7 6,8 – 7,3 7,4 – 7,9 8,0 8,5 8,6 – 9,1 
3 4 6 15 10 8 2 
5,35 5,85 6,45 7,05 7,65 8,25 8,85 
27,5625 34,2225 41,6025 49,7025 58,5225 68,0625 78,3225 
15,75 23,4 38,7 105,75 76,5 66 17,7 
82,6875 136,89 249,615 745,5373 585,225 544 156,645 

48 


343,3 
2501,645 
e.
Determine
the average value (x) with the formula:
X =
=
= 7,1520833
= 7,15 (Equal)
f.
Determine
the standard deviation (sd) with the formula :
=
=
=
=
= 0,9870414
= 3,989 (rounded up to two decimal
places)
g.
Create
a Distribution Table for Variable X Data Observations and Expeditions as
follows:
Table 4.
Frequency Distribution of Variable Data
Observations and Expectations
bk 
z count 
z list 
li 
ei 
oi 
4,95 5,55 615 6,75 7,35 7,95 8,55 9,15 
2,23 1,62 1,01 0,39 0,21 0,82 1,43 2,05 
0,4871 0,3438 0,3438 0,1517 0,0838 0,2939 0,4236 0,4798 
0,0397 0,1036 0,1921 0,0685 0,2107 0,1297 0,0562 
1,9056 4,9721 9,2208 3,288 10,1136 6,2256 2,6975 
3 4 6 15 10 8 2 
h.
Determining
the value of chi squared (x^2) is calculated using the formula :
=
=
= 0,002 + 5,76 + 0,001 +
0,129
= 5,89
i.
Determine
the number of degrees of freedom (db) using the formula :
db = k – 3
= 7 – 3
= 4
Determining the value of the chi squared X2
list by using a significant level of 1% or (x) = 0.01, it will be obtained
j.
Comparing
the calculated x2 value with the list value, by men
· If the value uses the following test criteria:
ai x2 count is smaller than x2 list, then the data is normally distributed.
· If the calculated x2 value is greater than the
list x2, then the data is not normally distributed
Based
on the calculation results, the value of x^2 count is 5.58, while the value of
x^2 list = 13.3, thus for the data variable x (adolescent perception) is normally
distributed
2.
The
central tendency test, which includes the following activities with respect to
the data for the Y variable, is normally distributed, then it is enough to give
the mean (average) value.
X =
=
7,1520833
=
7,15
3.
Analysis
of the variable category x, using the following formula:
X =
=
=
7,1520833
=
715
Based on the results of the calculation, the
value of the y variable category value = 7.15. The value if the object is
classified between 5.85  7.3 which is categorized as moderate or sufficient,
as the following category classification:
8,1
= Very
good
7,2
= Good/High
5,85 = Medium/Enough
4,95 = Low
Thus, the variable y (interest in learning to
read and write the Koran) can be said to be quite good.
C. The Relationship between Muslim Teenagers'
Perceptions of Interest in Learning to Read and Write the Qur'an in Cibiuk
Kidul Village, Cibiuk District, Garut Regency.
As described in the previous section,
that the two variables, both variable x and variable y after the normality
test was carried out, turned
out to be
both normally distributed, then the next step will
determine the analysis of the
correlation coefficient, with the following
steps:
1.
Create
a table of data pairs for variables x and y.
The next step, after the data for the x and
y variable pairs are arranged as follows:
a.
Calculate
the value of the regression equation, using the formula:
y = a+b,x, then the task will
be searched:
with a and b can be calculated
by the formula:
a =
=
b =
=
=
=
=
0,2394393
=0.24
(rounded up to two decimal places)
Based on the results of the calculations above, the values of a =
5.57 and b = 0.24, then the regression equation is obtained as follows: y =
5.57 + 0.24 which means that the lower the coefficient of y, it will be
followed by decreasing the direction of the regression coefficient x by one
unit.
2 test the linearity of the number of squares of regression a by using
the formula:
Jk (a) =
=
=2451,0208
b.
Calculating
the number of squares of regression b to a using the formula:
JK (
........= 0,2394393
.........= 024(rounded up to two decimal
places)
Based on the results of the above calculation,
the value of a = 5.57 + 0.24 x is obtained, which means that the lower the
direction of the regression coefficient x is by one unit..
Test linearity with the following steps:
c.
Calculate
the sum of the squares of the regression using the formula:
JK (a) =
=
=
= 2451,0208
d.
Calculate
the sum of the squares of b against a using the formula:
Jk =
= o,24( 18373,5)
= 0,24(18373,5)
= 0,24(18373,5) – 18221,875
= 0,24 (15,625)
= 36,39
e.
Calculate
the sum of the squares of the residues with the formula:
JK (res) = (
=2490,52451,020836,39
=3,0892
f.
Calculate
the sum of the squares of the perimeter using the formula:
(E) = (
=
+
+
+
_{ }
g.
Calculate
the sum of the squares of the discrepancies using the formula:
jkte = jkr – jkkk
=
3,0892 – 1,72
= 1,36
_{ }
h.
Calculating
the degrees of freedom of error, using the formula:
dbkk = nk
= 48 – 14
= 34
i.
Calculating
the degrees of freedom of the mismatch, using the formula:
dbte =
k2
=142
=12
j.
Calculating
the degree of error, using the formula:
rkkk = jkkk : dbkk
= 1,72 :
34
= 0,0508828
= 0,05 (rounded up to two decimal places)
k.
Calculate
the average of the squares of the discrepancies, using the formula:
rktc = jktc :dbtc
= 1,36 :
12
= 0,11
l.
Calculating
the value of f mismatch, using the formula:
ftc = rktc : rktc
= 0,11 :
0,05
= 2,2
m.
Calculating
the f value from the data, using the formula for a significant condition of
0.01 or 1%, it will be obtained:
F0,99
(12/34 )= 2,76
n.
Determination
of regression linearity with the following conditions:
If fcount is smaller than frabel,
then the regression equation can be said to be linear, and conversely if fcount is greater than ftable,
then the regression equation is not linear.
Based
on the calculation, it turns out that f count = 2.2, this value is smaller than
f table = 2.76, thus the upper regression equation is linear.:
2.
Calculating
the magnitude of the correlation coefficient using the formula:
r =
=
=
=
=
= 0,9589572
= 0,95 (rounded up to two decimal places)
Based on the
results of the above calculations can be obtained the value of the category
correlation coefficient as follows:
0,00
 0,20 = very weak/very low correlation
0,20
 0,40 = weak/low correlation
0,40
 0,70 = moderate/fair correlation
0,70
 0,90 = high/strong correlation
0,90
 1,00 = very high/very strong correlation
Thus, the
relationship between Muslim youth perceptions of the Qur'an Surah Al'Alaq verses 15 with interest in learning to read and write
the Qur'an in Cibiuk Kidul
Village is very strong/very high.
Conclusion
From the results above, the
author can conclude as follows:
1. Based on the results of the study that the
adolescent version of the Qur'an Surah Al'Alaq
verses 15, in Cibiuk Kidul
Village, Cibiuk District is very good/high
2. The youth interest in reading and writing
AlQur'an in Cibiuk Village, Cibiuk
District can be said to be sufficient because it can be obtained an average
value of 7.15, which if the value is classified based on category analysis, it
is between 5.58 and 7.20 which is categorized as moderate/enough
3. Based on the results of the calculation of the
correlation coefficient obtained a value of 0.95. This value when categorized
as classification the correlation coefficient is between 0.90 and 1.00 which
has a very strong/very high correlation.
4. Thus, the relationship between adolescents'
perceptions of the Qur'an Surah AlAlaq verses 15
with interest in learning to read and write the Qur'an in Cibiuk
Kidul village, Cibiuk
District can be said to be very high/very strong.
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