The Effect of Using the Demonstration Method on Students' Skills in Practicing Wudhu (Research on Class II Students of DTA Al-Fauzaniyyah in Solokan Jeruk Sub-District)

Ai Aisah

Islamic Academy of Yapata Al-Jawami Bandung

                                                                                       aiaisah@gmail.com

 

ARTICLE INFO        ABSTRACT

Received:

30 sept 2021

Revised:

02 oct 2021

Approved:

10 oct 2021

Background: Provide an adequate background covering literature review and the gap of the research with other relevant former research works.

Aim: The purpose of this study was to discover: (1) The process of applying the demonstration method to learning wudhu material for class II students of DTA Al-Fauzaniyyah in Solokan Jeruk Sub-District; (2) The skills of the second-grade students of DTA Al-Fauzaniyyah Solokan Jeruk in practicing wudhu before and after the use of the demonstration method; (3) Whether there was an effect of the demonstration method on students' skills in practicing wudhu.

Method: This study uses descriptive quantitative research on 28 second-grade students of DTA Al-Fauzaniyyah. This research uses interview and test method. The researcher used qualitative and quantitative research approaches. The analysis used is descriptive analysis. The process of implementing the demonstration method, namely (1) Providing apperception and motivation about the procedure for wudhu, (2) Demonstrating wudhu, (3) Confirmation and evaluation of material about wudhu.

Findings: The results of this study indicate that the value of tcount = 13.21 > ttable = 2.052 at the 5% confidence level. Thus, H0 is rejected and Ha is accepted. Hence, the results of the study prove that there is an effect of using the demonstration method on students' skills in practicing wudhu. Based on the research, the use of the demonstration method in learning wudhu material is considered very appropriate since can provide a direct learning experience to students.

KEYWORDS

Demonstration method, wudhu

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution No Derivatives 4.0 International License

 

Introduction

Education is a very strategic tool in preserving the value system that develops in life. The value system includes the realm of knowledge, culture, and religious values. The educational process does not only provide knowledge and understanding to students, but is more directed at the formation of children's attitudes, behavior, and personality. The delivery of the learning process is packaged into a process that builds new experiences based on prior knowledge, raises the spirit of cooperation, is challenging, and fun (Sabiq, 2006).

The teaching and learning process will run well if the method chosen is really right, because between education and methods are closely related. Education is a conscious guidance by the educator on the physical and spiritual development of the educated towards the formation of the main personality (Marimba, 1980).

In the teaching and learning process teachers are required to have strategies so that students can learn effectively and efficiently, and achieve the expected goals. One of the steps to having this strategy is that the teacher must master the methods of presenting lessons or commonly referred to as teaching methods.

The method of presenting the lesson is a knowledge of the ways of teaching used by teachers or instructors. In teaching or presenting materials to students in the classroom, the lessons must be captured, understood, and used by students properly. Of the many teaching methods there is this one called demonstration method. According to Muhibbin Syah (1995), the demonstration method is a method of teaching by demonstrating goods, events, or teaching indirectly through the use of certain media in accordance with the subject or material being prepared. The use of the demonstration method in Fiqh subjects, especially in the wudhu chapter, will attract students' attention so that they are able to understand the material delivered by the teacher better. The purpose of the demonstration method is that students are able to understand how to organize or arrange something. Djamarah (2006) said that "The process of student acceptance of lessons will be more memorable in depth, thus forming a good and perfect understanding. Students can also observe and pay attention to what is shown during the lesson. The material for wudhu practice is not possible only with the lecture method for it causes students lack of understanding of the material. By using the demonstration method, students are expected to be able to practice wudhu correctly. The condition of the second-grade students of DTA Al-Fauzaniyyah Solokan Jeruk Sub-District still incorrectly practice wudhu.

With the demonstration method, students are expected to actively participate and gain direct experience and develop their skills. Based on the description of the background above, the authors intend to conduct research on "The Effect of the Use of Demonstration on Students' Skills in Practicing Wudhu (Research on Class II Students of DTA Al-Fauzaniyyah in Solokan Jeruk Sub-District".

 

Method

The method used in this research is descriptive method, which aimed at describing various existing phenomena which are currently ongoing or in the past. This study does not explain the manipulation of the independent variables but describes a condition "as it is". The description of this condition can be individual, group or using numbers. This method was used because it is based on the nature of the research that is intended to describe the actual problems. The variables to be studied are: 1) Independent variable (x): The use of demonstration method; 2) Dependent variable (y): Students' skills in practicing wudhu.   

This study also used a quantitative approach, in which the analysis focuses more on numerical data (Numbers) that are processed by statistical methods. By using this approach, the significance of the relationship between variables will be obtained.

 

Findings and Discussion

A.  The Process of Implementation of the Demonstration Method in Learning Wudhu for Class II Students of DTA Al-Fauzaniyyah Solokan Jeruk Sub-District

In the learning process using the demonstration method, students were given a pretest with the aim of knowing how the students' initial ability to practice wudhu was. After that, the teacher carries out the process of learning activities using the demonstration method.

There are several steps in the learning process using the demonstration method on wudhu material, including the following:


1.    Providing Apperception and Motivation about the Procedure for Wudhu

Apperception activities are conducted to determine students who were actively participating in wudhu learning activities. Thus, students are trained to have affective skills or skills related to interests, attitudes and values. Apperception activities can be carried out by providing materials related to wudhu, such as materials about sholat. Apperception activities are usually conducted together with motivational activities.

Motivational activities can be carried out by constantly reminding students of the importance of wudhu and encouraging students to practice it in everyday life. In this case, the teacher can provide knowledge to students about the virtues or benefits that can be taken from wudhu or purification activities. Thus, students are expected to have an awareness of the importance of wudhu. Motivational activities can also be carried out by reading one or several verses of the Qur'an related to wudhu or purification.

 

2.      Demonstrating Wudhu

Demonstration activities show how to do wudhu correctly. This activity provides direct student experience so that students can immediately understand the process by seeing the real learning experience process. By looking directly at the activity, students may find answers on their own based on facts and correct data.

Activities carried out by the teacher to demonstrate wudhu procedures correctly from beginning to end. Students observe the process the activity carried out by the teacher. After that, the teacher guides each student to demonstrate or practice it. Students' attention is expected to be focused on important things and not focused on other things so that the process can be understood and students can get a clear picture of the results of their observations.

 

3.    Confirm and Evaluate

Confirmation and evaluation activities can be carried out together for they are interrelated. Teachers often repeat evaluation activities to students through a Q&A process to find out the extent to which students understand the procedures for wudhu. Furthermore, the teacher provides confirmation or reinforcement in the form of conclusions about the material taught. Meanwhile, when evaluating the practice of wudhu, the teacher observes and evaluates student learning activities by marking students' knowledge of the procedures for wudhu, memorizing prayers after wudhu, and students' ability to practice wudhu.

After the steps for using the demonstration method were carried out, students were given a posttest, which is to find out the extent to which students' skills in practicing wudhu after using the demonstration method can make students more active and motivated to learn, so that learning objectives can be achieved and good learning outcomes can be obtained. satisfying.

 

B.  Skills of Class II DTA Students Al-Fauzaniyyah in Solokan Jeruk Sub-District in Practicing Wudhu Before and After Using the Demonstration Method

Skills of class II DTA Al-Fauzaniyyah in Solokan Jeruk Sub-District in practicing wudhu can be observed by comparing student learning outcomes before and after the use of the demonstration method shown in the student scores from the pretest and posttest data.


1.    Student Skills in Practicing Wudhu Before Using the Demonstration Method

To determine the skills of class II DTA Al-Fauzaniyyah students, Solokan Jeruk Sub-District in practicing wudhu before using the demonstration method can be taken from the results of the pretest, which can be seen in table 3.4.

 

Table 1.

Data on the Skills Pretest Value of Class II DTA Al-Fauzaniyyah Students, Solokan Jeruk Sub-District in Practicing Wudhu

No

Respondents

Score

Total Pretest Score

A

B

C

1

Andre

25

20

10

55

2

Dandi Rustandi

20

25

10

55

3

Dandi Apriyadi

30

10

15

55

4

Dzulfadli

25

15

10

50

5

Fitri Handayani

20

15

15

50

6

Ilham Ali Munajat

25

15

10

50

7

Ilman Ali Darojat

30

10

10

50

8

Irgi

15

15

15

45

9

Juliyanti

25

10

20

55

10

Leli Oki Setiana Wati

15

15

15

45

11

M. Godzi Fakhrul R.

25

20

10

55

12

M. Sodru Said

30

25

10

65

13

Nisa Nisrina

25

15

10

50

14

Novi Susanti

20

25

10

55

15

Nuraliya Syifa

10

25

20

55

16

Nurul Azmi F.

30

20

15

65

17

Pipit

15

20

20

55

18

Rama

20

20

15

55

19

Refti Sri Antika

15

20

15

50

20

Revadina Nurbaeti

15

25

10

50

21

Rizki Ramdani

20

15

20

55

22

Rima Amalia

25

15

15

55

23

Rina Cantika

30

15

15

60

24

Selly

25

20

10

55

25

Siti Zakiyah

15

15

20

50

26

Siti Sahrotul Sa’adah

15

20

20

55

27

Tazkia

15

15

25

55

28

Yandi Rusmana

20

15

15

50

TOTAL

600

495

405

1500

 

Description :

A   =  Can explain the procedure for wudhu (0-50


B   =  Can memorize prayers after wudhu (0-50)

C   =  Can practice wudhu (0-100)

Based on the table, the lowest to highest values can be sorted as follows:

45          45          50          50          50          50          50

50          50          50          50          55          55          55

55          55          55          55          55          55          55

55          55          55          55          60          65          65

                                                                                                  

The lowest pretest score is 45, while the highest pretest score is 65. From the data above, 2 students got 45, 9 students got a score of 50, 14 students got 55, 1 student got a score of 60 and 2 students got a score 65. The following pie chart displays the obtained data:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Picture 1.

Diagram of Average Student Pretest Score

 

Based on the pretest score data on the practice of wudhu above, students' skills in practicing wudhu before using the demonstration method can be calculated as:

 

 

 

 

This value is then interpreted in the following criteria (Arikunto, 2006):

90 - 100  =  Very good

80  - 89   =  Good

70 - 79    =  Fairly good

    < 70   =  Low

Based on the results of these calculations, the average score of grade II student of DTA Al-Fauzaniyyah in practicing wudhu before using the demonstration method is 53.57. The result of this value is low.

 

2.      Student Skills in Practicing Wudhu After Using the Demonstration Method

Table 2.

Data on the Posttest Value of the Skills of Class II DTA Al-Fauzaniyyah Students in Practicing Wudhu

No

Respondents

Score

Posttest Total Score

A

B

C

1

Andre

20

25

40

85

2

Dandi Rustandi

20

25

25

70

3

Dandi Apriyadi

25

15

35

75

4

Dzulfadli

25

20

25

70

5

Fitri Handayani

20

20

30

70

6

Ilham Ali Munajat

30

20

25

75

7

Ilman Ali Darojat

25

20

30

75

8

Irgi

20

20

25

65

9

Juliyanti

20

15

30

65

10

Leli Oki Setiana Wati

20

20

25

65

11

M. Godzi Fakhrul R.

25

20

35

80

12

M. Sodru Said

30

20

20

70

13

Nisa Nisrina

20

20

25

65

14

Novi Susanti

20

20

30

70

15

Nuraliya Syifa

20

20

20

60

16

Nurul Azmi F.

25

20

30

75

17

Pipit

25

20

25

70

18

Rama

20

20

25

65

19

Refti Sri Antika

20

20

20

60

20

Revadina Nurbaeti

25

20

30

75

21

Rizki Ramdani

20

25

25

70

22

Rima Amalia

25

25

25

75

23

Rina Cantika

20

20

30

70

24

Selly

25

15

25

65

25

Siti Zakiyah

20

25

20

65

26

Siti Sahrotul Sa’adah

25

20

30

75

27

Tazkia

25

25

25

75

28

Yandi Rusmana

25

25

30

80

TOTAL

640

580

760

1980

              Based on the table, the lowest to highest values can be sorted as follows:

60          60          65          65          65          65          65

65          65          70          70          70          70          70

70          70          70          75          75          75          75

75          75          75          75          80          80          85

The lowest posttest score is 60, while the highest posttest score is 85. From the data above, 2 students got a score of 60, 7 students got a score of 65, 8 students got a score of 70, 8 students got a score of 75, 2 students got a score of 80 and 1 students get a score of 85.

The following pie chart displays the data.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Picture 2.

 Diagram of Student Posttest Average Score

 

              The average value of the posttest results can be calculated by the following formula:

 


From the results of these calculations, it can be concluded that the average grade II student of DTA Al-Fauzaniyyah after using the demonstration method in practicing wudhu is 70.71. The results of these values are quite good.

 

3.    The Effect of the Demonstration Method on Students' Skills in Practicing Wudhu

 

Table 3.

Data Recapitulation of Student Scores Before and After Using the Demonstration Method for Wudhu

No

Respondents

Score

d

 

[d-xd]

 

xd = 480/28=17,14

[d-xd]2

x1

x2

x1-x2

1

Andre

55

85

30

12,86

165,38

2

Dandi Rustandi

55

70

15

2,14

4,58

3

Dandi Apriyadi

55

75

20

2,86

8,18

4

Dzulfadli

50

70

20

2,86

8,18

5

Fitri Handayani

50

70

20

2,86

8,18

6

Ilham Ali Munajat

50

75

25

7,86

61,78

7

Ilman Ali Darojat

50

75

25

7,86

61,78

8

Irgi

45

65

20

2,86

8,18

9

Juliyanti

55

65

10

7,14

50,98

10

Leli Oki Setiana W.

45

65

20

2,86

8,18

11

M. Godzi Fakhrul R.

55

80

25

7,86

61,78

12

M. Sodru Said

65

70

5

12,14

147,38

13

Nisa Nisrina

50

65

15

2,14

4,58

14

Novi Susanti

55

70

15

2,14

4,58

15

Nuraliya Syifa

55

60

5

12,14

147,38

16

Nurul Azmi F.

65

75

10

7,14

50,98

17

Pipit

55

70

15

2,14

4,58

18

Rama

55

65

10

7,14

50,98

19

Refti Sri Antika

50

60

10

7,14

50,98

20

Revadina Nurbaeti

50

75

25

7,86

61,78

21

Rizki Ramdani

55

70

15

2,14

4,58

22

Rima Amalia

55

75

20

2,86

8,18

23

Rina Cantika

60

70

10

7,14

50,98

24

Selly

55

65

10

7,14

50,98

25

Siti Zakiyah

50

65

15

2,14

4,58

26

Siti Sahrotul S.

55

75

20

2,86

8,18

27

Tazkia

55

75

20

2,86

8,18

28

Yandi Rusmana

50

80

30

 

12,86

 

165,38

TOTAL (

1500

1980

480

160

1271,43

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

To determine the effect of using the demonstration method on students' capability of practicing wudhu, a paired group sample mean difference test was conducted. The steps are as follows:

1.    Testing the one-sided hypothesis

H0:md = 0 (m2- m1 = 0)

Ha:md > 0

2.    Set a critical point (confidence level), which is alpha 5%

3.    Determine the critical region with db= n-1, db =28-1 = 27

4.    Finding the standard deviation with the formula:

sd  = 

sd  =   =

sd  =  6,86

5.    Determining tcount with the formula:

 

 


So, the value of tcount is

6.     Perform a significance test by comparing the magnitude of tcount with ttable

 

 

Ttable = 2,052

= 0,05

Tcount = 13, 21

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Picture 3.4. Hypothesis Spread Area Curve

It is known that ttable = 2.052 and tcount = 13.21, so tcount > ttable. Thus, H0 is rejected and Ha is accepted, meaning that the student's score after using the demonstration method is greater than zero at 5% degrees of freedom (p<0.05). Thus, based on the significance test, there is an influence between the demonstration method on students' skills in practicing wudhu.

 

Conclusion

Based on the research that has been done, it can be concluded that: 1) The process of implementing wudhu material using the demonstration method is carried out in several steps (Providing apperception and motivation about the wudhu procedures, demonstrating wudhu, and confirmation and evaluation); 2) Based on descriptive analysis, the average score of DTA Al-Fauzaniyyah in Solokan Jeruk Sub-District before the use of the demonstration method was 53.57 and included in the low category, while the student's score after the use of the demonstration method was 70.71 and was included in the fairly good category; and 3) There is an effect of using the demonstration method on students' skills in practicing wudhu. This is evidenced by the mean difference test where the value of tcount = 13.21 is greater than ttable = 2.052 with a confidence level of 5%, so the null hypothesis (H0) is rejected and the alternative hypothesis (Ha) is accepted.

 

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